集中供暖改地暖要注意什么? - 济南地暖价格多少钱
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集中供暖改地暖要注意什么?

来源:http://www.ycepec.com/ 发布时间:2019/03/13

据北京市建筑设计研究院二所高级工程师范珑介绍,住宅的采暖系统主要分两种,集中供暖系统和分户式采暖系统。集中采暖即集中的热源通过管路将热量传递给用户。目前北京市场的集中供暖主要是锅炉和城市热网供暖,分户式供暖包括壁挂炉取暖和电采暖等。
  According to Fan Long, a senior engineer at two institutes of Beijing Architectural Design and Research Institute, there are two main types of heating systems in residential buildings, namely, central heating system and household heating system. Centralized heating means that the central heat source transfers heat to the user through the pipeline. At present, central heating in Beijing market is mainly boiler and urban heat network heating, household heating includes wall-mounted furnace heating and electric heating.
  尽管集中供暖存在管网热损失、管路输送能耗、初期建设成本高等不利因素,且由于建设或运行管理水平原因会造成冷热不均的情况,但从大环境讲,范珑认为与分户式取暖相比,集中供暖是比较经济节能、安全环保的采暖系统形式。由于有专人负责运行管理,集中供暖运行效率高且有自动监测系统,每年定期检查维修,安全性能相对较高;从环保上讲,排烟等造成的环境污染可通过集中处理,相比每户排烟要环保得多。
  Although there are some unfavorable factors in central heating, such as heat loss of pipeline network, energy consumption of pipeline transportation, high initial construction cost, and uneven cooling and heating due to construction or operation of management plain, Fan Long believes that central heating is a relatively economical, energy-saving, safe and environmental protection heating system compared with household heating. Due to the special person responsible for operation and management, centralized heating operation efficiency is high and automatic monitoring system, regular inspection and maintenance every year, the safety performance is relatively high; from the environmental protection point of view, smoke exhaust and other environmental pollution can be centralized treatment, compared with each household smoke exhaust is much more environmentally friendly.
  但是天然气管道和城市热网并非覆盖全城,有的地方还需采用分户式采暖。另一方面,集中供暖需建锅炉房,不仅要占用一定的土地面积,还与周围楼栋有安全距离要求,对整个小区的布局有影响。为经济考虑,部分开发商会选择分户式小锅炉采暖。相比集中供暖,分户式供暖灵活,使用时间由业主自己掌控,且可实现按业主的实际消耗分户计量收费;另外,还可以省去锅炉房和室外管线。
  However, natural gas pipelines and urban heat networks do not cover the whole city, and household heating is still needed in some places. On the other hand, centralized heating needs to build a boiler room, which not only occupies a certain area of land, but also requires a safe distance from the surrounding buildings, which has an impact on the layout of the whole community. For economic considerations, some developers will choose small household boilers for heating. Compared with centralized heating, household heating is flexible, the use time is controlled by the owner himself, and the household metering charge can be realized according to the actual consumption of the owner; in addition, the boiler room and outdoor pipelines can be saved.
  此外,分户式采暖费用与入住条件和环境有关,如果整栋楼中只有少数业主入住,或者周围邻居没有供暖时,热量会流向四方,热量消耗较大。另外,普通分户式壁挂炉的使用寿命不长,后期维护和折旧成本较高。
  In addition, the cost of household heating is related to living conditions and environment. If only a few owners live in the whole building, or neighbors do not have heating, the heat will flow to all directions, and the heat consumption is large. In addition, the service life of common household wall-hanging furnace is not long, and the later maintenance and depreciation costs are high.
  地暖舒适但注意事项多
  Ground warmth is comfortable but there are many precautions
  地暖分电暖和水暖两种。目前采用的地暖大多是水暖,即将水管铺在地面下,热水通过辐射和对流形式将热量传到房间里。因为热量是从下往上传递的,符合人的生理需要,感觉会很舒适;由于人们对地暖环境的感觉温度比实际温度高1~2℃,所以相比其他的采暖方式更节能。而由于管道全部铺设在地面下,业主家的平面布局不受限制。
  Ground heating is divided into electric heating and water heating. At present, most of the floor heating is water heating, that is, water pipes are laid on the ground, hot water through radiation and convection form of heat transfer to the room. Because the heat is transmitted from the bottom to the top, which meets the physiological needs of human beings, the feeling will be very comfortable; because people feel the temperature of the geothermal environment is 1 to 2 degrees higher than the actual temperature, so it is more energy-saving than other heating methods. Because all pipelines are laid underground, the layout of the owner's house is unrestricted.
  但地暖的采暖效果并非想象中完美。由于主要是通过辐射的方式传导热量,家具的阻挡会影响散热效果。另外,在朝北的卧室和卫生间,由于所需的热量相对要多,且卧室里除去床、衣柜和桌子,剩下的地面空间很小,由于地暖的水温不高,需要的暖气稍微多一点。
  But the heating effect of floor heating is not perfect in imagination. Because heat is mainly transmitted by radiation, the obstruction of furniture will affect the heat dissipation effect. In addition, in the north-facing bedroom and bathroom, due to the relative need for more heat, and beds, wardrobes and tables removed from the bedroom, the remaining ground space is very small, due to the low temperature of the warm water, the need for a little more heating.
济南地暖安装
  地暖对水温有一定限制,需要对壁挂炉的出水温度进行设定;地暖较低的回水温度有可能影响普通壁挂炉的使用寿命,增加后期维护成本。由于构造原因,采用地暖时最好选择强化地板或地砖,热传导效果好,实木地板或复合地板可能会引起开裂。而地毯会增加热阻,影响供暖效果,所以也不能使用地毯。此外,最好选择有腿的家具以降低热阻。
  Ground heating has certain limitations on water temperature, so it is necessary to set the outlet water temperature of wall-mounted furnace. Lower return water temperature of ground heating may affect the service life of ordinary wall-mounted furnace and increase the later maintenance cost. Because of structural reasons, it is better to choose reinforced floor or floor tiles when using floor heating. The heat conduction effect is good. Solid wood floor or composite floor may cause cracking. Carpet will increase heat resistance and affect heating effect, so carpet can not be used. In addition, it is better to choose legged furniture to reduce thermal resistance.
  集中取暖改地暖须慎重
  Caution should be taken in changing central heating to floor heating
  艺诺美家专家介绍,若做地暖,需要在楼板上增加不小于2厘米厚的保温层,再铺设约5厘米高的管道层,然后再找平再铺地板或地砖。这样,若做地暖会比普通层的地面做法高出4-5厘米,会减少房间净高,且地面提高还可能影响户门开启。
  Experts from Enomeijia said that in order to make floor heating, it is necessary to add a thermal insulation layer not less than 2 centimeters thick on the floor, lay a pipeline layer about 5 centimeters high, and then leveling and laying floors or floor tiles. In this way, the floor heating will be 4-5 centimeters higher than the ordinary floor floor floor method, which will reduce the room net height, and the ground improvement may also affect the door opening.
  取暖方式是建设时由专业人员统一规划设计的,肯定有其道理,业主最好不要因为美观或其他原因轻易变动。
  Heating mode is planned and designed by professionals during construction. There must be some reason. Owners should not change easily because of beauty or other reasons.
  以上内容由济南地暖安装整理发布,更多相关信息可以点击我们的官网进行咨询:http://www.ycepec.com
  The above contents are published by Jinan Ground Heating Installation. More relevant information can be consulted by clicking on our official website: http://www.ycepec.com.
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