完整的水地暖有哪些部分组成? - 济南地暖价格多少钱
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完整的水地暖有哪些部分组成?

来源:http://www.ycepec.com/ 发布时间:2019/01/03

一个完整的水地暖体系离不开热源、操控、管道、保温四大部分。采暖壁挂炉是地暖的热源中心,满足地暖整个体系运行所需的热量;保温层、反射膜、采暖管道、回填层等地上部分确保体系的保温作用;分集水器和温控器维护体系的正常运行。
  A complete water and ground heating system can not be separated from four parts: heat source, control, pipeline and thermal insulation. The wall-hanging stove is the heat source center of the ground heating, which meets the heat demand of the whole system; the above-ground parts such as insulation layer, reflective film, heating pipeline and backfill layer ensure the insulation function of the system; and the normal operation of the water collector and temperature controller maintenance system.
  燃气壁挂炉首要经过将燃气与空气预混后焚烧焚烧,经过换热体系将日子热水加热,再经过散热末端加热空气用以采暖或供热的一个过程。壁挂炉根据热效率的不同又有一般炉和冷凝炉不同类型。
  Gas wall-mounted furnace is a process of incineration after premixing gas and air, heating daily hot water through heat exchange system, and heating air at the end of heat dissipation for heating or heating. Wall-hanging furnaces have different types of general furnaces and condensation furnaces according to their thermal efficiency.
  冷凝壁挂炉是使用冷凝技能,将高温烟气的余热和水蒸气的潜热充分吸收,使热效率大大进步。一般壁挂炉的额定热效率在88-94%;冷凝壁挂炉的额定热效率在99-109%。冷凝壁挂炉焚烧效率高,可节省能耗,别的其焚烧过程中进行烟气热量回收,进一步下降燃气消耗,能耗开支也相应削减;冷凝炉由于选用全新的混热焚烧,选用大管道水路体系,相比传统壁挂炉,不用忧虑处理水垢问题。
  Condensation wall hanging furnace uses condensation skills to absorb heat from high temperature flue gas and latent heat of steam, so that thermal efficiency is greatly improved. The rated thermal efficiency of wall-hanging furnace is 88-94% and that of condensing wall-hanging furnace is 99-109%. The condensation wall-hanging furnace has high incineration efficiency and can save energy consumption. Otherwise, the heat recovery of flue gas during the incineration process can further reduce gas consumption, and the energy consumption expenditure will be reduced accordingly. Because the condensation furnace uses a new mixing heat incineration and a large pipeline water system, compared with the traditional wall-hanging furnace, there is no need to worry about scale treatment.
  水地暖体系供水温度较低,一般在40℃~50℃左右。对于一般壁挂炉,当室外温度在低于-3℃时,壁挂炉的体系需求温度会低于烟气的露点温度57℃,一般壁挂炉必须经过混水装置来下降供水温度、进步回水温度,以防止一般壁挂炉内部长期低于露点温度,并满足水地暖体系所需要的供水温度。而冷凝壁挂炉不用加装混水中心,可以直接向水地暖体系提供热水。
  The water supply temperature of the geothermal system is lower, generally in the range of 40 ~50. For general wall-mounted furnaces, when the outdoor temperature is lower than - 3 C, the system requirement temperature of wall-mounted furnaces will be lower than the dew point temperature of flue gas 57 C. Generally, wall-mounted furnaces must go through a water mixing device to reduce the water supply temperature and improve the return water temperature, in order to prevent the general wall-mounted furnaces from being lower than the dew point temperature for a long time, and to meet the water supply temperature required by the water heating system. The condensation wall hanging furnace can provide hot water directly to the water heating system without adding mixing water center.
  分集水器既能调理温度,也承担着连接壁挂炉与散热末端的任务。首要包括分集水干管、排气泄水装置、支路阀门和连接配件等,相当于地暖体系的心脏,整个地暖体系的热水靠分集水器把它均匀的分配到每个支路里,在地暖管内循环后汇集到一起,在水泵水力的作用下然后再分配,来确保整个采暖体系的安全正常运行。
  The water collector can not only adjust the temperature, but also undertake the task of connecting the wall-mounted furnace and the heat dissipation end. First of all, it includes the main catchment pipe, exhaust and drainage devices, branch valves and connecting accessories, which are equivalent to the heart of the geothermal system. The hot water of the whole geothermal system is evenly distributed to each branch by the water distributor. After circulating in the geothermal pipe, it gathers together and then distributes under the action of the water pump, so as to ensure the safe and normal operation of the whole heating system.
  地暖分集水器能起到很好的辅佐控温文分室供暖的作用。经过操控流量调理阀的开合状况,来操控管道内的热水量,然后调理室内温度;大户型在地暖体系设计装置时,会分区域装置供水管和回水管,每一路水管对应分集水器的一路,当一个区域内长期无人,用户可以挑选关掉那一路分水器,就可以到达分室供暖的目的。
  The geothermal water collector can play a very good role in assisting the temperature control chamber heating. After controlling the opening and closing status of the flow regulating valve, the hot water in the pipeline can be controlled, and then the indoor temperature can be adjusted. When designing the large-scale heating system, water supply and return pipes will be installed in different regions. Each water pipe corresponds to the way of the water diverter. When there is no one in an area for a long time, users can choose which water diverter to turn off, so as to achieve the purpose of sub-room heating. 。
  地暖温控器经过准确检测室内温度,把丈量的温度信号传至温控器内部与我们用户设定温度进行比照,直至室内温度自动调整至我们设定的抱负温度。
  After accurately detecting the indoor temperature, the temperature signal measured is transmitted to the inside of the thermostat to compare with the temperature set by our users until the indoor temperature is automatically adjusted to the ambitious temperature set by us.
  地板采暖归于隐蔽工程,管材的使用寿命要求根本要同房屋同步,一旦出现问题,或许造成的丢失要远远高于管材自身的价值,所以地暖的管材长期耐温耐压高可靠性。地暖管道是低温热水循环的一种载体,地暖主管道和地暖盘管都归于管道体系。地暖管道的品种有很多,PE-RT管、PEX管、PB管等等。
  Floor heating belongs to concealed engineering, and the service life of pipes should be synchronized with the housing. Once problems arise, the loss may be much higher than the value of pipes themselves. Therefore, the long-term temperature, pressure and reliability of pipes for floor heating are high. Ground heating pipeline is a carrier of low temperature hot water circulation, and both the main pipe and coil pipe belong to the pipeline system. There are many kinds of heating pipes, such as PE-RT pipes, PEX pipes, PB pipes and so on.
  辅材也是地暖装置的重要细节,地暖体系的节能、保温作用是和地暖辅材分不开的。地暖的保温体系是由保温板、反射膜、边界保温条、伸缩缝等根底资料构成。
济南地暖
  Auxiliary material is also an important detail of the floor heating device. Energy saving and heat preservation of the floor heating system are inseparable from the floor heating auxiliary material. The geothermal insulation system is composed of basic data such as insulation board, reflective film, boundary insulation strip, expansion joint and so on.
  保温挤塑板铺在地暖体系的底部,起到阻挠热量向下传递,下降结构层的无效热耗损的作用。选购保温板时要注意从环保性、抗压性、吸水率和导热体系综合考虑。保温板长期承受地上荷载,应尽量进步抗压强度,挑选有满足承载才干的资料,防止地上沉降开裂;地暖保温板作业湿度高,宜挑选吸湿率低的材质;尽量选用导热系数小的保温板,以确保好的保温隔热作用,然后更好地削减地暖日常运营的开支。
  The thermal insulation extrusion board is laid at the bottom of the heating system, which can prevent the heat from transferring downward and reduce the invalid heat loss of the structural layer. When choosing insulation board, attention should be paid to the comprehensive consideration of environmental protection, compression resistance, water absorption and heat conduction system. For long-term bearing of the above-ground load, the insulation board should improve its compressive strength as far as possible, select materials that satisfy the carrying capacity to prevent the above-ground settlement and cracking; select materials with high humidity and low moisture absorption rate; and choose insulation board with small thermal conductivity as far as possible to ensure good thermal insulation and insulation effect, and then better reduce the daily operating expenses of the floor heating.
  地暖反射膜置于保温绝热板与发热体中心,作为一种热反射的资料。好的反射膜可将发热体辐射热量向上层反射,有效下降热量向下的散失量,进步升温速度,实现10%-20%节能作用。反射率和耐腐蚀性是衡量反射膜好坏的根本规范,反射率越高,热量反射的作用越好。反射率越低,对热量的反射作用越差。
  Geothermal reflective film is placed in the center of insulation board and heating body as a kind of data of heat reflection. A good reflecting film can reflect the radiated heat of the heater to the upper layer, effectively reduce the heat loss downward, improve the heating rate, and achieve energy-saving effect of 10% - 20%. Reflectivity and corrosion resistance are the basic criteria for evaluating the quality of reflective coatings. The higher the reflectivity, the better the effect of heat reflection. The lower the reflectance, the worse the heat reflection.
  水地暖施工必须在水电装修完毕后进场,在装置水地暖时应提早与装修公司和谐工期防止交叉施工,以免导致施工现场紊乱。好的产品也要搭配好的施工工艺,才干确保最终的采暖作用。
  Water heating construction must enter the site after the completion of hydropower decoration. When installing water heating, we should harmonize the construction period with the decoration company in advance to prevent cross-construction, so as to avoid the disorder of the construction site. Good products should also be matched with good construction technology to ensure the ultimate heating effect.
  以上内容由济南地暖整理发布,更多相关内容可以点击我们的官网进行咨询:http://www.ycepec.com,我们将竭诚为您服务。
  The above contents are published by Jinan Geothermal Arrangement. More related contents can be consulted by clicking on our official website: http://www.ycepec.com. We will serve you wholeheartedly.
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